Continuing to progress up the Coaching Ladder

So you have done your level 1 and level 2, maybe completed your youth modules and you want to continue your progression up the Coaching Ladder. The next step is your UEFA B course. This article will discuss in depth the course, from the application to the content and assessment.

A couple of years ago the FA took their coaching course from UEFA B upwards ‘in-house’. This meant that external companies could no longer deliver the courses. Because of this the application process if a strenuous task in itself. Each course has only 24 places and can have over 100 applicants, so you need to stand out. Furthermore there are only a certain amount of courses per year, usually two per year, in each region of the country. I shall discuss the application process at the end of the article.

 

The Course

The course is summed up on the coaching section on the FA Website: www.thefa.com

Theory:

Key aspects related to the role of a football coach working with teams. These are delivered via home-based study tasks and tutor delivered workshops. Students will examine the following:

  • A philosophy of coaching
  • Consider how players learn
  • A study of both coaching styles and communication processes
  • A detailed consideration of player analysis
  • Utilising analysis data to prioritise player performance
  • The psychological factors associated with player performance
  • The influences related to the Four-Corner Model and player development
  • A consideration of The FA’s LTPD Model
  • The ability to plan appropriate coaching sessions
  • Consideration of the key elements related to coaching session delivery
  • The development of progressive coaching sessions
  • Detailed coaching session evaluation and reflection
  • A consideration of fitness programmes and planning

Practical:

The practical elements of the course will provide the following:

  • The principles of attacking: to include detailed consideration of attacking from wide/central areas, counter attacking, switching play and finishing
  • The principles of defending to include detailed consideration of defending effectively in wide/central areas, pressurising and defending when both organised and outnumbered
  • Midfield play: to include support play for front players, possession in key areas and the use of width
  • Counter-attacking and being able to defend deep and attack quickly
  • Goalkeeping: to include support for the defensive unit, the ability to deal with crosses, maintain possession momentum and the development of shot stopping
  • Set plays: to include effective organisation in defending and attacking from a selection of free-kicks, corners and throw-ins’

Upon reading the above, it is clear that the course is very in-depth I will discuss my experience from the course, talking about each day in depth.

The course is 17 days long, split into a five day block, a four day block, five support days and a three day final assessment. My initial thoughts where the course must be a lot more in-depth as the previous one I attended was only nine days long (not including final assessment).

 

Day 1

Image: Act2Prevent

Day 1 started with an introduction to the course, from course staff, candidates and then we had a discussion about our aims and reasons for doing the course before the tutors outlined the aim of the first week.

After this we did our first learning activity. This was all about a Coaching philosophy.

  • What is a coaching philosophy?
  • Who is it for?

This module really made me think deep about it, especially as I am in the middle of writing my own to give to players and parents I work with.

As a group we broke the two words down and fed back our definitions. The tutors defined coaching as Unlocking potential to maximise performance’ and a Philosophy was defined as ‘a system of beliefs that serves as the guiding principles for thought and behaviour’. 

Within football there can be more than one philosophy within one club. Various philosophies can include:

  • Playing Philosophy –  how do you want play?
  • Coaching Philosophy – what methods you will use?
  • Match Day Philosophy – what is your routine on a game day?
  • Recruitment Philosophy –  what players/staff do you intended to recruit?
  • Club Philosophy – what core values do your club stand for?
  • Community Philosophy – how involved with the local community will you be?

My views on this is that as a club you have a core philosophy and from that every other philosophy needs to be related to the core one. It was very thought provoking and in depth. I enjoyed this module and hearing other coaches’ experiences and opinions of a variety of philosophies.

The next part of the day was a discussion regarding the attacking principles of play and how they change from level 2 to UEFA B. I was glad this was done as it was a while back when I did my level 2 so it was good to dig out information from previous courses.

 

Level 2 – Attacking Principles of Play

Create  Space      – Movement On/Off Ball, Forward runs, width, depth, awareness
Exploit Space       – Pass, run, dribbling, individual, as a group/unit, as a team
Maintain Space    – Possession, movement to support, individual, unit, team

The idea being that UEFA B is more advanced so we where ‘building knowledge on top of what we already have/know’.

 

UEFA B – Attacking Principles of Play

Movement – intelligent & calculated movement to create opportunities to receive the ball

Support – ahead of the ball/behind the ball (key for ball retention)

Penetration – Exploiting space with the ball that has been created

Innovation (Creativity) – Individuals combining, unexpected skills, eliminating opponent at appropriate moments in the game

After lunch we got to observe the tutors coach UEFA B sessions. We observed three sessions:

  1. SSG – 8 v 8                 – Principles of Attacking Play
  2. ATP Session                – Passing and Control            (Advanced Technical Practice)
  3. Wave Practice             – Passing & control on the move

I was familiar with the SSG game as I had encountered these previously. The same goes for the Wave practice as this is used as a level one topic, only this one had more players, a bigger pitch and a lot more detail involved. The advanced technical practice is an advanced level 2 practice and has a lot more detail and repetition in a short period of time. The major difference between the two courses was the variety of sessions and how the assessment changes. Previously you where required to coach a phase of play and a function or SSG.  Now the assessment is one 45 minute sessions based on one theme ending in a SSG or Phase of Play.

 

Day 2

Refreshed from the mountain of knowledge thrown at us on day 1. Day 2 began with assignment 2 – Coaching Style and Communication. Discussions included talking about type of learning styles:

  • Visual,
  • Aduitory
  • Kinathetic

As well as discussions about the stages of learning:

  • Stage 1 – Trying to Understand (Cognitive)
  • Stage 2 – Basic Understanding (Associative)
  • Stage 3 – Advance Understanding (Autonomous)

I was very familiar with this as they feature highly on the FA Youth Modules which I had recently done as well within my teacher training.

The rest of the day involved the tutors delivering sessions based around Use of Possession:

  • Squad Practice            – Passing support & movement
  • SSG                             – Passing priorities
  • Skill Practice               – Receiving priorities/protecting the ball
  • Skill/Squad Practice    – Running with the ball
  • Phase of Play              – Playing out from the back

 

Day 3

Image: theFA

Day three started with discussions about the principles of defending and the differences between level 2 and UEFA B

Level 2 – Defending Principles of Play

Deny Space

Restrict Space

Predict Space

Again, the idea is that UEFA B is more advanced so we where ‘building knowledge on top of what we already have/know’

UEFA B – Defending Principles of Play

Delay 

 1) Pressing

2)  Dropping Off

Depth                       

1) How Deep?

2) How High?

3) Distance Between Units
Compactness

1) Distance between individuals

Balance                     

1) How do we keep our compactness

Control & Restraint

1) Individual

2) Unit

3) Team

Next we observed the tutors putting on sessions based around Defending when organised:

  • SSG – Principles of defending
  • Squad Practice – Pressing
  • SSG – Sliding and screening

The final activity of the day was in groups we had to plan a phase of play, the three themes where:

  • Defending Deep
  • Defending in Wide Areas
  • Defending Centrally

This was a very enjoyable task as we got to think about how to plan a UEFA B format, we then fed back to the other groups and discussed how phases of plays are coached.

 

Day 4

The morning of day four we observed three sessions based around defending when unorganised:

  • Skill                             – Defending when outnumbered
  • SSG                             – Defending when outnumbered
  • Phase of Play              – Defending when outnumbered

This gave us a good look at how one topic can be delivered in a variety of different ways.

The rest of the day the group was split and we delivered our own twenty minute session on an allocated topic. I enjoyed this, my topic put me out of my comfort zone as it was defending when outnumbered. The session went well and I got some interesting and thought provoking  feedback which I plan on acting upon to improve.

fda

Day 5

Image: TeamBath

 Day 5 continued with the rest of the groups delivering their sessions before we observed some sessions based around Crossing and Finishing:

  • Functional Practice – Wide player to receive and cross
  • Squad Practice – Attacking in wide areas
  • Phase of Play– Wingers forced inside

Key Messages

The whole week was information overload and this was the main reason for doing this post so I could consolidate what I have learned. They key messages I got from the initial week where:

  1. Logical Order – coach players/unit/team in an order relating to your topic
  2. Pictures – have pre determined pictures planned so you know what you are looking to come out of your session
  3. Stop Stand Still – as a coach when you say it do it. When I stop a session I move as I say it so I don’t always get the same picture I have seen. Stop your sessions and observe to see if players move, if they do move them back before you move
  4. Session Management – Set tasks for the other team so your topic can be delivered eg: if you’re playing out from the back you don’t want the side not being coach to keep hold of the ball for long periods of time, so set them up to get the ball back to your goalkeeper quickly

My plan of action was to try and deliver one or two 45 minute sessions a week using the UEFA B format, this way I can improve and develop my understanding of the process. The course is very in depth, in terms of practical, it seemed a big step from level 2 as there is a lot more technical and tactical detail, the phrase used on the course was ‘The process is like building a house, each bit of knowledge if a brick and you keep adding bricks when you learn something new.’

I couldn’t agree more!

 

Day 6

Day 6 began with a review of what we learned and could remember from block one. Each table where given a certain area to remember, write down and present and then the other groups also discussed with the whole group what they remember. The next part are my notes from this session, but typed up, if anything doesn’t make sense please feel free to ask for clarification.

Communication:

  • Coaching Styles: Command, Q & A, Guided Discovery
  • Who too? Individual, Units, Team, Opposition
  • Stopping mechanisms: What is the most effectively way to stop a practice?
  • Learning styles: Visual (Demo’s/Tactic Boards) Auditory (Listening) Kinaesthetic (Doing)

Technical/Tactical:

  • Advanced technical detail eg: Mark goal side of the player
  • Progressions: When, where, why, how (specific)
  • Narrow Focus – coach the game, eg: wide play, allow striker a chance at goal through middle if it’s on, do not manufacture a session to suit your needs, wait till it occurs naturally
  • ‘Pictures’ make sure you coach the picture you see, not the picture you want

Organisation

  • Visuals: offside line, halfway line, size of pitch in relation to type of practice
  • Micro pitch for visual learners?
  • Realistic structured start
  • Relevant part of pitch in relation to session topic

Session Management

  • Start Position
  • Coaching Position, see what players your focus is on are seeing
  • Manage the opposition
  • Coach game
  • Conditions? What impact does it have on the game?

Session Format

  • Small Sided Games 8 v 8
  • Phase of Play – Two units vs Two Units & additional players
  • Function – specific area & players
  • Advanced Technical Practice – opposed, unopposed
  • Squad Practice
  • Wave Practice
  • Skill Practice
  • Pattern Drills/Shadow Play

Principles of Play

UEFA B – Attacking Principles of Play

Support  – ahead of the ball/behind the ball (key for ball retention)
Movement  intelligent & calculated movement to create opportunities to receive the ball
Penetration – Exploiting space with the bal that has been created
Width/DispersalStretching play to create space for you and other
Innovation (Creativity) Individuals combining, unexpected skills, eliminating opponent at appropriate moments in the game

UEFA B – Defending Principles of Play

Delay         

1) Pressing

2) Dropping Off

Depth

1) How Deep?

2) How High?

3) Distance Between Units

Compactness

1) Distance between individuals

Balance                     

1) How do we keep our compactness

Control & Restraint

1) Individual

2) Unit

3) Team

The next part of the day was based around Match/Player/Performance analysis. This is an area which I am very interested in, for those who read my philosophy article you will know why.

The main question throughout was why is it used? After an initial discussion the main reasons that the group came up with where:

  • Analyse performance – individual, unit, team
  • Aid visual learners
  • Can be used in sessions
  • Enhances the coaching process
  • Objective view
  • Provides hard facts
  • Can analyse everything & everyone
  • To educate players
  • Scout opposition
  • Penalty Kicks

Analyse is Objective Data and what became apparent was your date is only as good as your subjective data, which is your knowledge. The best way to use analytical data is to combine both Objective and Subjective data, both need to be good for analyse to be effective.

We then did a task where we watched a 10 minute clip and observed one player per two tables. At the end of this it became apparent how useful subjective analysis is because there where disagreements between candidates about a variety of things including: What is the difference between a tackle and interception, or what is the difference between a forward pass and a sideways pass. It’s very hard to determine when you’re watching Steven Gerrard play sideways passes that go slightly forward, how do you note that down? Is it forward? Or Sideways because you don’t penetrate the opposition. It opened up a lot of discussions and showed how your analysis is only as good as your subjective knowledge.

The rest of the day was tutor’s delivering sessions:

  • ATP – CM players to receive and distribute
  • SSG – CM players to receive and distribute
  • ATP – CF Movement & finishing
  • Squad – Individual/Combined movement

 

Day 7

Image: OntarioSoccer

Day 7 was all about counter attacking. The day stared with discussions about what is counter attacking and when it is used and by what teams. Again, the next part are my notes typed up so if something’s don’t make sense please don’t hesitate to contact me.

Group definition of counter attacking ‘A Quick reaction in transition from defence to attack by quickly trying to catch the opposition out of shape and position’

FA definition of counter attacking ‘Attacking quickly in possession and playing over, around or through a team before they can regain their defensive structure’

How is the ball won?

  • Defensive third
  • Interceptions
  • Poor crosses

How is it moved forward?

  • Quick
  • Fast
  • Direct

Players around the ball

  • Run ahead to create space
  • Options
  • Overload

Players behind the ball

  • Push forward to support behind the ball

Techniques/Skills Involved:

  • Passing
  • Dribbling
  • Running with the ball
  • Finishing

The next part talked about design counter attacks compared to default. Design counter attacks are when teams set up to counter, it can be from an opposition set pieces or how they defend when out of possession. Default counter attacks happen naturally for example: When an interception occurs.

Three types of counter attacks are: Classic, Collective and Solo

– Classic – move ball quickly from front to back

– Collective – rapid passing sequence

– Solo – Individual work

Set Up

To win the ball

Break Up

Attack opposition

Split Up

Dispersal

Play Up

Quickly to advance players

Move Up

To support behind/ahead of the ball

Security

Defensive balance

 

The rest of the day where candidate delivered sessions that had been assigned by the tutors.

 

Day 8 & Day 9

The final two days consisted of candidates’ sessions. Each one of us had to deliver a 25 minute session on a topic given by the tutors, we could design it ourselves but where told whether it would be a  Function, SSG or Phase of Play. My session was to coach an attacking team clever movement in the attacking half. I had to do this in a phase of play, after delivering I got more feedback to improve upon and take away and practice.

What Next?

After the Initial nine days, there are four more support days that candidates must attend. The first support day focuses on Goalkeeping and the tutors show and demonstrate a range of goalkeeping practices and how to include the goalkeeper.  At the end of this day candidates are given a third coaching topic that they must plan for the next support days. This session is a full 45 minute session that must have a theme and end with either a small sided game or phase of play. The next four support days has the candidates deliver and receive more feedback. Each support day has six candidates deliver a 45 minute session.

The final three days of the course are the assessment day. Candidates are given another topic, that is assessed and if they pass and their files are complete they are awarded with the UEFA B certificate in Coaching Football.

Advice for Applying

The main advice I can give is: SELL YOURSELF!

Before being accepted onto the course, I was rejected seven times. It was only after a discussion with a tutor on my youth module 3 that I realised I was only doing the bare minimum. As part of the process the candidates must answer a variety of questions to show their suitability for the course. This includes, who and where you coach, you’re playing experience etc. All seven times I was rejected, I filled the questions in with ample information and was rejected. However, the time I was accepted, I sold myself. Upon answering the questions, again in a lot of detail. I sent five session plans that showed I was coaching at the correct age for the course content, two letter of recommendations from coaches I work with where they demonstrated my suitability for the course and stating they would act as mentors for me throughout the course. I also sent a short personal statement explaining about myself and what I knew about the course and where I would coach  throughout the course. I sent all of these to FA leaning, they email you confirmation once you apply, when they received my email, they simply replied saying it had been added to my application and a few weeks later I found out I had been accepted.

I’d like to end this article by offering some simple advice. If you are lucky enough to be accepted then jump into the course with two feet. Ask as many questions as you can, develop relationships with fellow candidates, discuss the content with them away from the course and finally: PRACTICE. The old saying is ‘practice makes perfect’, now I don’t believe there is a perfect coach anywhere in the world as we are all always trying to improve, but this quote sums up the practical element of the UEFA B:

‘Practice isn’t the thing you do once you’re good. It’s the thing you do that makes you good’

Thank you for reading

Michael

If you are looking for coaching equipment like tactic boards you can visit the Discount Football Kits Shop.

If you have completed your Ueafa B, or plan on taking the course let us know your thoughts by leaving a comment below.  

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